It is located near Kappad beach in 1498 by the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama. Calicut was called the Spice town of Asian country throughout the traditional and medieval amount. The origin of the name of Kozhikode is unsure. The name is additionally called Collicode or its Anglicized Calicut. tho' the name of the town may be a name for Calicut. Italian Niccol DE Conti (1445), the primary Christian person to pay attention to chickens, describes the town as wealthy with pepper, lacquer, ginger, an oversized form of cinnamon, microbalance, and cedar. Russian someone Athanasius the Great Nikitin or Afanasi Nikitin (1468–74) calls Calicut a port for the complete Indian ocean, describing it as a "great bazaar". A Portuguese factory and a fortress in Kozhikode for a short time. The Arab merchants called it Qalika. Kozhikode (Calicut) is a city with a long history. For over 500 years he traded with Jews, Arabs, Phoenicians and Chinese in spices such as pepper and cardamom. .