Panoramic backwater stretches extensive paddy fields highlands hills elaborate rubber plantations varied legends associate degreed quite literate individuals. The rulers of munnad and thekkumkur are headquartered in thazhangadi within the former kottayam city. Ruins of palaces and forts will still be seen here. It was here that the celebrated Vaikom nonviolence (1924-25), the epic struggle to eliminate untouchability, took place. The fifth Division, Devikulam came next, however was solely supplementary to Kottayam for a brief time.