Kottayam is additionally called "akshara nagari" which suggests "city of letters" in terms of contributions to the medium and literature. The cms school within the state was established in kottayam in 1840. The origins of the Malayali Memorial phonephone movement is same to be from Kottayam. It was here that the celebrated Vaikom nonviolence (1924-25), the epic struggle to eliminate untouchability, took place. The movement had a no-hit finish, and Sir was overthrown.