It is located near Kappad beach in 1498 by the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama. Calicut was called the Spice town of Asian country throughout the traditional and medieval amount. It had been the capital of associate degree freelance kingdom dominated by the Zamorinis of the medieval times, and later the recent Malabar District underneath British rule. The name is additionally called Collicode or its Anglicized Calicut. tho' the name of the town may be a name for Calicut. The Russian person, Doctor of the Church Nikitin or Afanasi Nikitin (1468–74), calls it a port of the whole Indian ocean. Russian someone Athanasius the Great Nikitin or Afanasi Nikitin (1468–74) calls Calicut a port for the complete Indian ocean, describing it as a "great bazaar". A Portuguese factory and a fortress in Kozhikode for a short time. Mysore occupied Kozhikode in 1765 as part of the occupation of Malabar Coast. The word calico is derived from Calicut, a hand-woven cotton cloth exported from Calicut port. Calicut was the capital of Malabar during the reign of Shri Samoothiri Maharajas who ruled the area before the British took over. After a long 48 years of conquering the Pamiyankara region of the Eradees of Neddiripu in Eranadu, the king wanted an outlet in the sea, to start trading business.