Kottayam is additionally called "akshara nagari" which suggests "city of letters" in terms of contributions to the medium and literature. In 1945 the primary single cooperative society spcs of writers writers and publishers was established here to publish books and periodicals. This incident marked the start of the trendy social movement within the state. It was here that the celebrated Vaikom nonviolence (1924-25), the epic struggle to eliminate untouchability, took place. .