Panoramic backwater stretches extensive paddy fields highlands hills elaborate rubber plantations varied legends associate degreed quite literate individuals. The cms school within the state was established in kottayam in 1840. The Malayali Memorial wanted to form higher illustration to the educated Travancore individuals of the Travancore officialdom against outsiders. It was here that the celebrated Vaikom nonviolence (1924-25), the epic struggle to eliminate untouchability, took place. The fifth Division, Devikulam came next, however was solely supplementary to Kottayam for a brief time.